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I HEARD a thousand blended notes,
While in a grove I sate reclined,
In that sweet mood when pleasant thoughts
Bring sad thoughts to the mind.

To her fair works did Nature link
The human soul that through me ran;
And much it grieved my heart to think
What man has made of man.

Through primrose tufts, in that green bower,
The periwinkle trailed its wreaths;
And ’tis my faith that every flower
Enjoys the air it breathes.

The birds around me hopped and played,
Their thoughts I cannot measure:—
But the least motion which they made,
It seemed a thrill of pleasure.

The budding twigs spread out their fan,
To catch the breezy air;
And I must think, do all I can,
That there was pleasure there.

If this belief from heaven be sent,
If such be Nature’s holy plan,
Have I not reason to lament
What man has made of man?

Short Poem Analysis

"Lines Written in Early Spring" by William Wordsworth is a reflective and introspective poem that contemplates the contrast between the beauty of nature and the woes of human society. Through its vivid descriptions of nature and its contemplative tone, the poem explores themes of innocence, harmony, and the impact of human actions on the natural world.

The poem begins with the speaker's observation of the natural world in early spring. Wordsworth uses sensory imagery to vividly describe the sights and sounds of nature, evoking a sense of freshness and renewal.

The contrast between the "jocund company" of nature and the "sorrow of the April day" hints at the speaker's contemplation of the coexistence of beauty and suffering in the world.

The poem's tone becomes more introspective as the speaker reflects on the sorrows of humankind. The image of "Man's inhumanity to Man" highlights the social and moral issues that plague human society.

Wordsworth employs a natural setting to reflect on human nature. The image of the "little cottage-girl" and the "old, mad, blind, despised, and dying King" juxtapose innocence with the corruption and power struggles of society.

The poem's final stanza returns to the beauty of nature and the speaker's desire to escape the woes of the world by connecting with the purity of the natural world.

"Lines Written in Early Spring" captures Wordsworth's central themes of the relationship between nature and human experience. The poem highlights the disconnection between the innocence of the natural world and the complexities of human society. It serves as a contemplative reflection on the state of the world, inviting readers to consider the harmonious and innocent aspects of nature and the stark contrast with the discord and suffering that humans can introduce.

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London, 1802