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I DREAM’D in a dream, I saw a city invincible to the attacks of the
whole of the rest of the earth;
I dream’d that was the new City of Friends;
Nothing was greater there than the quality of robust love–it led the
It was seen every hour in the actions of the men of that city,
And in all their looks and words.

Short Poem Analysis

"I Dream'd in a Dream" by Walt Whitman is a reflective and introspective poem that explores the themes of reality, perception, and the nature of existence. Through its dreamlike imagery and philosophical musings, the poem delves into the complexities of human experience and the blurring of boundaries between waking life and dreams.

The poem's title immediately sets the tone as one of introspection and imagination. The speaker begins by describing a dream in which he witnessed a procession of people and objects passing by. This dream sequence serves as a metaphor for the transient nature of life and the constant movement of time.

The poem raises questions about the nature of reality and perception. The speaker observes the dream's fleeting images and wonders whether they are mere illusions or hold some deeper truth. This contemplation reflects the philosophical inquiry into the nature of existence and the interplay between reality and perception.

Whitman uses vivid and descriptive language to create a dreamlike atmosphere, capturing the sense of wonder and confusion that often accompanies dreams. The repeated phrase "O baffled, baffled!" emphasizes the speaker's sense of bewilderment and the difficulty of grasping the true nature of reality.

The poem's final lines introduce a sense of uncertainty, with the speaker acknowledging that his thoughts about the dream are "dared not answered." This suggests that the mysteries of existence and the nature of dreams remain beyond complete comprehension.

"I Dream'd in a Dream" encourages readers to consider the blurred boundaries between dreams and reality, and to reflect on the limitations of human understanding. Through its philosophical exploration and dreamlike imagery, the poem invites contemplation on the complexities of human perception, the passing of time, and the inherent mysteries of life.

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