Omar Khayyam was a Persian poet, philosopher, and mathematician born in 1048 in Nishapur, Iran. He is best known for his collection of poems called "Rubaiyat," which express his views on life, love, and the search for truth. His works have been translated into many languages and have influenced generations of poets and thinkers. Despite his literary and mathematical achievements, Omar Khayyam was also a controversial figure, challenging traditional religious and philosophical ideas with his unorthodox views. Today, he is considered one of the greatest poets of classical Persian literature.